Chapter 1—Indoor Tanning
The 2008/2009 LOOKING FIT® Tanning Fact Book marks the 23rd compilation of information written specifically for indoor tanning salon owners and operators. The Fact Book is found in nearly every tanning salon in the United States, and salon owners use the book on a daily basis for reference and as a teaching tool for new employees.
Nearly an entire year of work has gone into producing this Fact Book to provide salon owners and operators with the most up-to-date resource tool to help with the daily management of their tanning facilities and aid in long-term planning for growth and expansion.
This chapter provides an overview of the Fact Book, as well as a detailed table of contents. You also will find information about the evolution of the U.S. indoor tanning market, a comprehensive State of the Industry Report, facts and figures supporting the growth and maturity of the industry and an introduction to ultraviolet light.
This chapter also provides information about salon education and certification—one of the most important tools salon owners can have on their side.
Each chapter thereafter contains specifics on many aspects of the daily operations of salon management. This Fact Book is designed to be a ready reference guide so when you have a question, the answer can be found easily and immediately.
Chapter 2—The Tanning ProcessIn order to succeed in this business, salon operators must have a firm understanding of the tanning process. The skin is the largest organ on the human body and it is a complex and hard-to-understand entity. Since a tanning unit affects bodily functions, it is essential that you and your employees understand the biological process by which the skin tans when exposed to ultraviolet light.
This chapter provides an overview of the tanning process and its effect on the human body and examines the function of the skin and the benefits of using professional tanning lotions.
This chapter also explains the science behind the concept of skin typing your tanning customers. Skin typing determines the amount of natural protection a person has against ultraviolet light which, in turn, helps determine how many sessions it takes to establish a base tan and how long they can be in the tanning unit without experiencing a sunburn. A handy skin-typing chart and list of medications responsible for photosensitizing reactions are included in this chapter.
Equipment technology continues to evolve and suppliers are providing a wide selection of equipment choices. From traditional tanning beds to stand-up units, these commercial choices can range from entry-level 30-lamp units to high-end units offering more than 50-plus lamps. This chapter examines equipment specifics as well as specific maintenance requirements that ensure their longevity and performance. Special attention is given to equipment construction and the care needed to achieve maximum effectiveness and profits.
An explanation of high-pressure tanning including its evolution, a comparison to low-pressure and technical aspects also are listed.